Free Online Database For Research Papers

The following databases were selected not only for their availablity to the general public
but also because of their broad appeal and scope, and access to full-text resources.

Databases indicated with an asterisk * require that you have a Santa Barbara public library
card, available free of charge to Santa Barbara County residents through the Public Library (locations and hours).

  • African Journals Online
    A service to provide access to African published research, and increase worldwide knowledge of
    indigenous scholarship. It's published in Africa and cover the full range of academic disciplines.
    This catalog of the U.S. National Agriculatural Library (NAL) provides citations to agricultural literature.
    The NAL houses one of the world's largest and most accessible agricultural information collections and
    advances access to global information for agriculture.
  • AIDSinfo
    Access to wide-ranging Federal resources on HIV/AIDS clinical research, HIV treatment and prevention, and medical
    practice guidelines for health care providers and consumers.
  • Alexandria Digital Library (ADL) Globetrotter
    A web interface to the National Geospatial Digital Archive (NGDA) project, a collecting network for the
    archiving of geospatial images and data (maps, aerial photographs, etc.).
  • Alexandria Digital Library Gazetteer (Dictionary
    of Place Names)
    A searchable dictionary of placenames, including natural (mountains, rivers, earthquake zones, etc.) and
    human-generated (cities, archaelogical sites, etc.) features. The Gazetteer contains just under 4 million entries.
  • American Memory Collection
    This Library of Congress project provides access to a large number
    of LoC collections, searchable and browsable by subject and title,
    including a large quantity of digitized primary source material.
  • Reference Works
    The site, originally created at Columbia University, includes a host of e-texts, all browsable and
    searchable, including such reference works as:
    • American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4th ed., 2000) [UCSB call #: PE 1628 .A623 2000]
    • Anatomy of the Human Body by Henry Gray (20th ed., 1918) [UCSB has later editions at: QM 23.2 .G73]
    • The Boston Cooking School Cookbook by Fannie Farmer (1918)
    • Cambridge History of English and American Literature (1907-1921) [various call numbers at UCSB]
    • The Columbia Encyclopedia (6th ed., 2001) [UCSB call #: Ref AG 5 .C725 2000]
    • Columbia Gazetteer of North America (2000) [UCSB call #: Ref E 35 .C65 2000]
    • Familiar Quotations by John Bartlett (10th ed., 1919) [UCSB call #: Spec. Coll. PN 6081 .B29 1902; later editions at:
      PN 6081 .B29 and in Reference at: PN 6081 .B27]
    • Robert's Rules of Order Revised (1915) [UCSB call #: Ref JF515 .W42 for latest edition]
    • Roget's II: The New Thesaurus (3rd ed., 1995) [UCSB call #: Ref PE1591 .B35]
    • Simpson's Contemporary Quotations (1988) "The Most Notable Quotes, 1950-1988" [UCSB call #: Ref PN 6083 .S53 1988]
    • The World Factbook (2008)

  • Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences
    Published since 1877, Biographical Memoirs are brief biographies of deceased National Academy of Sciences
    members, written by those who knew them or their work. These biographies provide a personal and scholarly view of the
    lives and work of America's most distinguished scientists and a biographical history of science in the United States.
  • BioMed Central
    Publisher of 187 peer-reviewed open access journals.
  •  Biography Resource Center
    *Database of biographies as well as full-text biographical articles from hundreds of periodicals.
  • BioMed Central (BMC)
    Publisher of 179 peer-reviewed open access journals in medicine and biology; provides free, full text access to all original
    research papers published in any of its online journals and any journals that will be added over time.
  • bizjournals
    Features local business news from around the nation, top business stories from American City's print
    editions and industry-specific news from more than 40 industries with access to each of the 42 local business
    sites; contains 1.25 million business news articles published since 1996.
  • BNET Business Network's Find Articles
    "Browse millions of business articles from thousands of trade and general-interest publications."
  • The Business Publications Search Engine
    Organized by various business categories, this site provides links to full text business articles on the web.
  •  Business Directory (see: Reference USA)
    *Detailed information on more than 12 million U.S. businesses and a directory of 120 million U.S. residents.
  • Chaucer Bibliography Online
    The Online Chaucer Bibliography includes materials from the Annotated Chaucer Bibliography published annually
    in Studies in the Age of Chaucer (call number: PR 1901 .S78) and is sponsored by the NCS and the
    library of the University of Texas at San Antonio. (Note: "Title" searching is searching for the beginning of
    the title, not for keywords in the title.
  • Chemistry Central
    Publishing peer-reviewed open access research in chemistry, from BioMed Central - the leading biomedical
    open access publisher. This site features chemistry-related articles published in Chemistry Central Journal,
    BioMed Central journals and independent journals utilizing BioMed Central's open access publishing services.
    All original research articles published by, or in cooperation with, Chemistry Central are made freely and
    permanently accessible online immediately upon publication.
    A registry of federally and privately supported clinical trials conducted in the United States and around
    the world. gives you information about a trial's purpose, who may participate, locations,
    and phone numbers for more details. This information should be used in conjunction with advice from health
    care professionals.
  • Core Documents of U. S. Democracy
    To provide American citizens direct online access to the basic
    Federal Government documents that define our
    democratic society, a core group of current and historical Government
    publications is being made available for free,
    permanent, public access via the GPO Access service. In addition to
    full ASCII text, some documents, such as the Constitution and
    Declaration of Independence, are available as scanned images of the
    original manuscripts. Document texts range from the Articles of
    Confederation to the current United States Government Manual,
    Statistical Abstracts and Code of Federal Regulations.
  • provides searchable access to several dictionaries, most notably, the American Heritage Dictionary,
    3rd ed. (1996,1992) (in print at PE 1628 .A623 1992), plus Roget's Thesaurus, and links to a number of other dictionary sites on
    the web.
  • Directory of Open Access Journals
    This service covers free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals. We aim to cover all
    subjects and languages. Covers nearly 150,000 articles in 834 searchable journals.
  • Energy Citations Database
    Free access to over 2.3 million science research citations with access to over 179,000 electronic documents,
    primarily from 1943 forward, made publicly available by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). ECD includes
    scientific and technical research results in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics,
    materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer
    science and related disciplines. It includes bibliographic citations to report literature, conference papers,
    journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.
  • English Broadside Ballad Archive
    Created by the Early Modern Center in the English Department at UCSB, the English Broadside Ballad Archive
    (formerly, Pepys Ballad Archive) offers a fully-searchable database of over 1,800 broadside ballads, mostly of
    the seventeenth century and mostly in black-letter print. The ballads were collected by Samuel Pepys into
    five albums, which are held at Magdalene College, Cambridge. The ballads in the database are accessible as
    facsimiles, as facsimile transcriptions, and as recorded songs. Also provided are full citations for the
    ballads as well as background essays about ballad culture of the period and Pepys’s categories for organizing
    his collection.
  • Esp@cenet (European Patent Office)
    The European Patent Office's Esp@acenet provides detailed searching of EPO and PCT patent applications for
    the last 24 months, and worldwide patent documents searchable by patent number as early as 1920 for some
    issuing nations.
  • ETDEWEB (ETDE World Energy Base)
    With individual registration, ETDEWEB is freely accessible. It contains the world's
    largest collection of energy literature with links to full text when available.
  • FS Info
    Catalog of records to Forest Service Research publications dating back to 1904. Includes almost 6,000 full-text
  • FWS National Image Library
    U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service's online collection of public domain still photographs, containing
    still photo images of wildlife, plants, National Wildlife Refuges and other scenics, as well as wildlife management work.
  • FWS Publications Online
    Full text access to a collection of newsletters and technical reports from the U.S.
    Fish & Wildlife Service.
  • Google Scholar (beta)
    Google Scholar enables you to search specifically for scholarly literature, including peer-reviewed papers,
    theses, books, preprints, abstracts and technical reports from all broad areas of research. Use Google
    Scholar to find articles from a wide variety of academic publishers, professional societies, preprint
    repositories and universities, as well as scholarly articles available across the web.
  • GPO Access
    From the U.S. Government Printing Office: provides free electronic access to a wealth of
    important information products produced by the Federal Government. The information provided on
    this site is the official, published version.
  •  Health & Wellness Resource Center
    *"Use this Resource Center to find magazines, journals, newspapers, definitions, directories, and information on: Fitness,
    Pregnancy, Medicine, Nutrition, Diseases, Public Health, Occupational Health and Safety, Alcohol and Drug abuse,
    Prescription Drugs, etc. Included are links to diet, cancer, and health assessment sites as well as government databases.
    The material contained in this Resource Center is intended for informational purposes only."
  • Hearth
    Hearth is a core electronic collection of books and journals in Home Economics and related disciplines.
    Titles published between 1850 and 1950 were selected and ranked by teams of scholars for their great historical
    importance. The first phase of this project focused on books published between 1850 and 1925 and a small
    number of journals. Future phases of the project will include books published between 1926 and 1950, as
    well as additional journals. The full text of these materials, as well as bibliographies and essays on the
    wide array of subjects relating to Home Economics, are all freely accessible on this site.
  • HighBeam Encyclopedia
    Contains nearly 200,000 brief entries from the Britannica, Oxford University Press,
    and Columbia Encyclopedia.
  • HighWire Press
    Free full-text articles in science disciplines, from HighWire Press at Stanford University.
  • ibiblio
    One of the largest "collections of collections" on the Internet, is a conservancy of freely
    available information, including software, music, literature, art, history, science, politics, and cultural
    studies. is a collaboration of the School of Information and Library Science and the School of
    Journalism and Mass Communication at The University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.
  • InfoPlease
    Search the Information Please almanac and timeline, their atlas, the Columbia Encyclopedia,
    a dictionary, and a thesaurus. Information Please has been providing authoritative answers to all
    kinds of factual questions since 1938.
  •  Info Trac/General Reference Center Gold
    *Access to thousands of articles from magazines, journals newspapers and reference books covering
    sports, business and industry, the arts, popular culture, the sciences and more. Has separate Kids InfoBits (K-5)
    and Jr. Edition (6-9).
  • Information Bridge
    Search the U.S. Dept. of Energy's scientific and technical research reports in the
    sciences including biology, environmental sciences, physics, energy, and other topics.
  • Internet Archive
    The Internet Archive is a 501(c)(3) public nonprofit that was
    founded to build an 'Internet library,' with the purpose of offering
    permanent access for researchers, historians, and scholars to historical
    collections that exist in digital format. Founded in 1996
    and located in the Presidio of San Francisco, the Archive has been
    receiving data donations from Alexa Internet and others. In late
    1999, the organization started to grow to build more well-rounded
    collections. Among its most notable collections are:
    • Audio Archive
      The Archive contains over a hundred thousand free digital recordings ranging from alternative news programming,
      to Grateful Dead concerts, to Old Time Radio shows, to book and poetry readings, to original music uploaded by our
      users. Many of these audios and MP3s are available for free download.
    • Live Music Archive
      The Internet Archive has teamed up with etree wiki to preserve and archive as many live concerts as
      possible for current and future generations to enjoy. All music in this Collection is from trade-friendly
      artists and is strictly noncommercial, both for access here and for any further distribution. Artists'
      commercial releases are off-limits. This collection is maintained by the community.
    • Moving Images Collections
      This collection of thousands of digital movies is free and open for everyone to use. It includes the Prelinger Archive, a
      collection of nearly 2,000 advertising and educational films from 1927 to the present.
    • Text Archive
      This collection is open to the community for the contribution of any type of text.
  • The Internet Public Library Reading Room
    Links to freely available "Books," "Magazines," and "Newspapers."
  • Kew Bibliographic Databases
    Search three major bibliographic databases: Kew Record of Taxonomic Literature, Economic Botany, and
    Plant Micromorphology. Provided by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, as part of its mission to support
    botanical research and conservation.
  • MagPortal
    "Find individual articles from many free magazines by browsing the categories or using the search engine."
  •  Magazines & Journals
    (see: Info Trac/General Reference Center Gold) 
    *Access to thousands of articles from magazines, journals newspapers and reference books covering
    sports, business and industry, the arts, popular culture, the sciences and more. Has separate Kids Edition (K-5)
    and Jr. Edition (6-9).
  • Making of America: at Cornell University and
    University of Michigan
    Hosted at Cornell University and the University of Michigan, Making
    of America (MOA) is a digital library of primary sources in
    American social history from the antebellum period through
    reconstruction. The collection is particularly strong in the subject
    areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion,
    and science and technology. The Cornell collection
    currently contains 267 monograph volumes and over 100,000 journal
    articles with 19th century imprints while the Michigan
    collection contains approximately 10,000 books and 50,000 journal
    articles with 19th century imprints, estimated at over 3% of all
    American monographs published in the 19th century. All are in the form
    of searchable scanned images.
  • MedKnow Publications
    The largest publisher in India for academic and scientific biomedical journals, publishing high quality peer-reviewed
    scholarly journals. Medknow, with over 40 print + online journals, is probably the largest open access
    publisher of print journals in the world and provides immediate free access to the electronic editions of the journals.
  • MedlinePlus
    "Extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and
    other trusted sources on over 740 topics on
    conditions, diseases and wellness. There are also lists of hospitals
    and physicians, a medical encyclopedia and a medical dictionary,
    health information in Spanish, extensive information on prescription and
    nonprescription drugs, health information
    from the media, and links to thousands of clinical trials."
  • MyWire
    "MyWire connects users to the best media from trusted sources around the world; . . . brings together
    the important stories of the moment from a wide range of the most reputable publications across the globe."
  • National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
    The official Archives of the United States government provide a variety of online primary sources including:
  • NCJRS Virtual Library
    (National Criminal Justice Reference Service)
    Access to more than 3,500 full text publications and more than 190,000 abstracts, or summaries, of publications
    on this site and from NCJRS partner agency websites.
  • National Environmental Publications Internet Site (NEPIS)
    A database of over 24,000 full-text U.S. EPA documents
  •  Newspapers, Magazines, and
    *Full text searching of newspapers, magazines, books, images, maps, and TV & radio transcripts. Access to
    full text articles from the Los Angeles Times, the New York Times, and other newspapers.
  •  NoveList
    *A guide to fiction. Use author or title as a template to locate other authors and titles of interest.
  • O*NET OnLine
    From the U.S. Department of Labor, the Occupational Information Network is a comprehensive database of
    worker attributes and job characteristics. The O*NET database includes information on skills, abilities, knowledges,
    work activities, and interests associated with occupations. Information in O*NET is available for over 800 occupations.
    Each occupational title and code is based on the most current version of the Standard Occupational Classification
    system.O*NET replaces the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT).
  • Online Archive of California
    The Online Archive of California is a collaborative project to create a searchable online union database
    of finding aids to archival collections. This database includes the finding aids to repositories from more than 90 institutions
    statewide including all nine UC campuses, and is continuing to expand. Finding aids provide detailed descriptions of
    collections, their intellectual organization and, at varying levels of analysis, of individual items in the collections.
    A small but increasing number of the finding aids contain links to online digital versions of the source material.
  • The Online Books Page
    "Listing over 25,000 free books on the Web," by author, title, subject, and other features, such as: "A Celebration
    of Women Writers," "Banned Books Online," "Prize Winners Online," "Foreign Language," and "Specialty" by subject. This
    site also links to extensive directories which list thousands more online books.
  • Open J-Gate
    An electronic gateway to global journal literature in open access domain; Open J-Gate indexes articles from
    4,000+ academic, research and industry journals. More than 1,500 of them are peer-reviewed scholarly journals.
  • Oxford Latin American Economic History Database (OxLAD)
    Contains statistical series for a wide range of economic and social indicators covering twenty
    countries in the region for the period 1900-2000.
  • Paper of Record
    Building the world's largest searchable archive of historical newspapers. Over 21 million images in the
    collection so far. Searchable newspaper image documents presented in their original published form.
  • Project Gutenberg
    Project Gutenberg is one of the earliest attempts to provide
    widespread access to public domain books via the
    Internet. As of 2002, it offers about 6,200 works, adding about 150 per
    month. Files are in plain ASCII text or in zipped ASCII
    text, available from a number of mirror sites around the world. The
    Project Gutenberg catalog is searchable by author and title. Author
    and title lists may be downloaded by FTP.
  • PLoS: Public Library of Science
    A nonprofit organization of scientists and physicians committed to making the world's scientific and
    medical literature a freely available public resource.
  • PubMed Central (PMC)
    The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and
    life sciences journal literature.
  •  Reference USA (Business Directory) 
    *Detailed information on more than 12 million U.S. businesses and a directory of 120 million U.S. residents.
  • Science Accelerator
    Searches science, including R&D results, project descriptions, accomplishments, and more, via resources
    made available by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), U.S. Department of Energy.
    Science Accelerator was developed and is made available by OSTI as a free public service.
  • is a gateway to over 50 million pages of authoritative selected science information
    provided by U.S. government agencies, including research and development results.
  • THOMAS: Legislative Information on the Internet
    Full text access to U.S. House and Senate bills and committee reports.
  • USDA Forest Service Library Catalog: see FS Info
    Catalog of records to Forest Service Research publications dating back to 1904. Includes almost 6,000 full-text
  • USPTO Patent Database
    The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)'s Patent Databases allows searching of the bibliographic
    data (titles, inventors, assignees, class codes, references, etc.) or full text in US patents issued since 1976.
  • USPTO Trademark Database
    The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)'s Trademark Electronic Search System (TESS) allows
    searching of the key data (titles, owners, relevant dates) in current Federal trademarks and inactive ones back to 1984.
    Results display the trademark text data and, in many cases, the images for graphic trademarks. It does not include
    state or foreign trademarks.

Databases indicated with an asterisk * require that you have a Santa Barbara public library
card, available free of charge to Santa Barbara County residents through the Public Library. Click
here for locations and hours.
Maintained by: martoran [at] library [dot] ucsb [dot] edu (Janet Martorana)
Updated: 10/06/08

This page contains a representative list of major databases and search engines useful in an academic setting for finding and accessing articles in academic journals, repositories, archives, or other collections of scientific and other articles. As the distinction between a database and a search engine is unclear for these complex document retrieval systems, see:

  • the general list of search engines for all-purpose search engines that can be used for academic purposes
  • bibliographic databases for information about databases giving bibliographic information about finding books and journal articles.

Note that "free" or "subscription" can refer both to the availability of the database or of the journal articles included. This has been indicated as precisely as possible in the lists below.

This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

NameDiscipline(s)DescriptionAccess CostProvider(s)
Academic SearchMultidisciplinarySeveral versions: Complete, Elite, Premier, and Alumni Edition[1]SubscriptionEBSCO Publishing[2]
Aerospace & High Technology DatabaseAerospace, Aeronautics, AstronauticsSubscriptionProQuest[3]
African Journals OnLine (AJOL)MultidisciplinaryScholarly journals published in Africa[4]Free abstracts; Subscription full-textAfrican Journals OnLine[5]
AgeLineSociology, GerontologyIncludes information on aging-related topics, including economics, public health and policy.SubscriptionEBSCO Publishing[6]
AGRICOLA: Agricultural Online AccessAgricultureFree & SubscriptionProduced by the United States National Agricultural Library. Free access provided by NAL.[7] Subscription access provided by ProQuest,[8]OVID.[9]
AGRIS: Agricultural databaseAgricultureCovers agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, aquatic sciences and fisheries, human nutrition, extension literature from over 100 participating countries.

Material includes unique grey literature such as unpublished scientific and technical reports, theses, conference papers, government publications, and more.

FreeProduced by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. AGRIS
Airiti IncMultidisciplinarySubscriptionAiriti Inc[10]
Analytical AbstractsChemistrySubscriptionRoyal Society of Chemistry[11]
Analytical sciences digital libraryAnalytical chemistryFreeNational Science Digital Library and the Analytical Chemistry Division of the American Chemical Society[12]
Anthropological Index OnlineAnthropologyIndex only (no abstracts or full-text).FreeRoyal Anthropological Institute[13]
Anthropological LiteratureAnthropologyFree to Harvard faculty, staff and students. Subscription for non-Harvard access.Maintained by Harvard University. Non-Harvard access provided by OCLC[14]
ArachneArchaeology, Art historyGerman languageFreeGerman Archaeological Institute & the University of Cologne[15]
ArnetminerComputer ScienceOnline service used to index and search academic social networksFreeTsinghua University[16]
Arts & Humanities Citation IndexArts, HumanitiesPart of Web of ScienceSubscriptionClarivate Analytics[17]
arXivPhysics, Mathematics, Computer science, Nonlinear sciences, Quantitative biology and StatisticsRepository of electronic pre-prints of papers in the fields of mathematics, physics, astronomy, computer science, quantitative biology, statistics, and quantitative finance.FreeCornell University[18]
ASCE LibraryCivil Engineeringall civil engineering disciplines including structural engineering, geotechnical engineering, transportation engineering, construction engineering, environmental engineering, engineering mechanics, sustainability, water resources, irrigation. hydraulics, hydrology, waterways, urban planning, cold regions ...Abstract free. Fulltext subscription.American Society of Civil Engineers
Association for Computing Machinery Digital LibraryComputer Science, EngineeringSubscriptionAssociation for Computing Machinery[19]
Astrophysics Data SystemAstrophysics, Geophysics, PhysicsFreeHarvard University[20]
ATLA Religion DatabaseReligious studiesProvides information on topics such as biblical studies, world religions, church history, and religion in social issuesSubscription[21]
AULIMP: Air University Library's Index to Military PeriodicalsMilitary ScienceFreeAir University[22]
BASE: Bielefeld Academic Search EngineMultidisciplinaryFreeBielefeld University[23]
Beilstein databaseOrganic chemistrySubscriptionAvailable from Elsevier under the product name Reaxys[24]
Biological AbstractsBiologyA complete collection of bibliographic references covering life science and biomedical research literature published from more than 4,000 journals internationally.SubscriptionAvailable from Thomson Reuters[25]
BioOneBiology, Ecology, and Environmental ScienceA full-text aggregation of more than 180 scientific journals publishing current research in Biodiversity Conservation, Biology, Ecology, Environmental Science, Entomology, Ornithology, Plant Science, and Zoology.Free abstract & references, Open Access titles, and SubscriptionAvailable from BioOne[26]
Bioinformatic HarvesterBiology, BioinformaticsA meta search engine for 50 major bioinformatic databases and projects.FreeAvailable from Liebel-Lab KIT Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Book Review Index OnlineBook reviewsSubscriptionThomson Gale[27]
Books In PrintBooksSubscriptionR.R. Bowker[28]
CAB AbstractsApplied life sciencesBibliographic information service providing access to applied life sciences literature.SubscriptionCABI[29]
Chemical Abstracts ServiceChemistrySubscriptionAmerican Chemical Society[30]
Chemisches Zentralblatt Structural DatabaseScience, Chemistryweb-based retrieval application that provides language independent access to the information contained in Chemisches ZentralblattSubscriptionAvailable from the InfoChem [31]
ChemXSeerChemistrythe projects seems abandoned in 2018FreePennsylvania State University[32]
Chinese Social Science Citation IndexSocial sciencesSubscriptionNanjing University[33]
Cochrane LibraryMedicine, HealthcareIncludes reviews of research to promote evidence-based healthcare.SubscriptionWiley Interscience[34]
CINAHL: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied HealthNursing, Allied HealthSubscriptionEBSCO[35]
CiNiiMultidisciplinaryDatabase of 15 million articles in the Japanese language from 3600 journals.Free abstracts; Subscription full-textNational Institute of Informatics[36]
CHBD: Circumpolar Health Bibliographic DatabaseMedicineFreeUniversity of Calgary[37]
Citebase SearchMathematics, Computer science, PhysicsSemi-autonomous citation index of free online researchFreeUniversity of Southampton[38]
CiteULikeComputer scienceFree
CiteSeerComputer ScienceReplaced by CiteSeerX.FreePennsylvania State University[39]
CiteSeerXComputer science, Statistics, Mathematics, becoming MultidisciplinaryFreePennsylvania State University[40]
Civil engineering databaseCivil engineeringA bibliographic database covering all of ASCE's publications since 1872FreeAmerican Society of Civil Engineers
CogPrints: Cognitive Sciences Eprint ArchivesScience (General)FreeUniversity of Southampton[41]
The Collection of Computer Science BibliographiesComputer scienceFreeAlf-Christian Achilles[42]
CompendexEngineeringElectronic version of Engineering Index.SubscriptionElsevier[43]
Current Index to StatisticsStatisticsLimited free search[44]SubscriptionAmerican Statistical Association and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics[45]
Current ContentsMultidisciplinaryPart of Web of Science. Contains 7 discipline-specific subsets.SubscriptionClarivate Analytics
Directory of Open Access JournalsJournalsThe Directory Of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) lists more than 10,000 open access journals (September 2014) in multiple research areas.[46]FreeLund University[47]
dblp computer science bibliographyComputer scienceComprehensive list of papers from major computer science conferences and journalsFreeProduced by Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz Center for Informatics and University of Trier, Germany[48]
EconBizEconomicsEconBiz supports research in and teaching of economics with a central entry point for all kinds of subject-specific information and direct access to full texts.FreeProduced by the ZBW- German National Library of Economics– Leibniz Information Centre for Economics (ZBW)[49]
EconLitEconomicsThe American Economic Association's electronic database, the world's foremost source of references to economic literature.SubscriptionProduced by the American Economic Association.[50] Available from EBSCOhost, ProQuest, OVID, and AEA.[51]
EMBASEBiomedicine, PharmacologyBiomedical database with a strong focus on drug and pharmaceutical research.SubscriptionElsevier[52]
ERIC: Educational Resource Information CenterEducationEducation literature and resources. Provides access to over 1.3 million records dating back to 1966.FreeProduced by the United States Department of Education.[53] Also available by subscription from OCLC, CSA.
Europe PMCBiomedicalA database of biomedical and life sciences literature with access to full-text research articles and citations.[54] Includes text-mining tools and links to external molecular and medical data sets. A partner in PMC International.[55]FreeEMBL-EBI[56]
FSTA – Food Science and Technology AbstractsFood science, Food technology, NutritionThe world's leading database of information on food science, food technology and nutritionSubscriptionProduced by IFIS Publishing. FSTA can be accessed through EBSCOhost,[57]IHS Inc.,[58]Ovid,[59]ProquestDialog,[60]STN[61] and Web of Science.[62]
GENESISWomen's historyDescriptions of women's history collections from sources in the UK, as well as women's history websites.FreeLondon Metropolitan University[63]
GeoRefGeosciencesSubscriptionAmerican Geosciences Institute
Global HealthPublic HealthSpecialist bibliographic, abstracting and indexing database dedicated to public health research and practice.SubscriptionCABI[64]
Golm Metabolome DatabaseMass spectrometryThe Golm Metabolome Database (GMD) is a reference mass spectra library of biologically active metabolites quantified using gas chromatography (GC) coupled to mass spectrometry (MS).Free online search; offline use by subscriptionGolm Metabolome Database[65]
Google ScholarMultidisciplinaryFreeGoogle[66]
GoPubMedMedicineGoPubMed, the first knowledge-based search engine for the life sciences industry.FreeTransinsight[67]
HCI BibliographyHuman-computer interfaceAn electronic bibliography for most of HCI for researchers, developers, educators, and studentsFreeGary Perlman[68]
HubMedMedicineAn alternative interface to the PubMed medical literature databaseFreeAlf Eaton[69]
IEEE XploreComputer Science, Engineering, ElectronicsSubscriptionIEEE[70]
Index CopernicusMultidisciplinary scienceScientific journal database – the IC Journal Master List – contains currently over 2,500 journals from all over the world, including 700 journals from Poland. The journals registered in this database underwent rigorous, multidimensional parameterization, proving high quality. The Ministry of Science and Higher Education acknowledged the IC Journal Master List by placing it on the list of scored databases, for being indexed in IC JML journals get additional points in the Ministry’s evaluation process.[71]FreeIndex Copernicus International[72]
Information Bridge: Department of Energy Scientific and Technical InformationMultidisciplinaryThe Information Bridge: DOE Scientific and Technical Information provides free public access to over 266,000 full-text documents and bibliographic citations of Department of Energy (DOE) research report literature. Documents are primarily from 1991 forward and were produced by DOE, the DOE contractor community, and/or DOE grantees. Legacy documents are added as they become available in electronic format.FreeUnited States Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information[73]
InformitMultidisciplinaryAustralasian aggregator of bibliographic databases and journalsN/ARMIT Publishing[74]
IngentaConnectMultidisciplinaryFree searching; Subscription full-textIngenta[75]
Indian Citation IndexMultidisciplinaryIndian Citation Index (ICI) is a home grown abstracts and citation database, with multidisciplinary objective knowledge contents from about 1000 top Indian scholarly journals. It provides powerful search engine to fulfill search and evaluation purposes for researchers, policy makers, decision makers etc.SubscriptionICI[76]
IARPMultidisciplinaryOpen-access knowledge management system incorporating grants, publications, conferences in natural and social & behavioral sciences. The site provides tools to build graphic reports.FreeVolunteer Collaboration[77]
InspecPhysics, Engineering, Computer ScienceThe leading bibliographic database providing abstracts and indexing to the world's scientific and technical papers in physics, electrical engineering, electronics, communications, control engineering, computing, information technology, manufacturing, production, and mechanical engineering.SubscriptionIET[78]
INSPIRE-HEPPhysics, (High Energy)FreeCERN, DESY, Fermilab, SLAC and IHEP[79]
International Directory of PhilosophyPhilosophyContains information on university philosophy departments and programs, philosophical societies, research centers, journals, and philosophy publishers in the U.S., Canada, and approximately 130 other countries.Free search; full access by subscriptionPhilosophy Documentation Center[80]
IsidoreHumanities, social scienceIsidore is a platform of search allowing the access to digital data of Humanities and Social Sciences. It relies on the principles of Web of data and provides access to data in free access.FreeHuma-Num[81]
JournalSeekMultidisciplinaryOpen access journals in different languageLinks to journal's home page and publishersJournalSeek[82]
Journals TodayMultidisciplinaryLatest abstracts of reputed journals across disciplensFreeJournal Today[83]
JSTOR: Journal StorageMultidisciplinaryJSTOR Collections: Current Journals; Archived Journals (first issue through 3–5 years ago); Books; and Primary Source Collections
FREE Resources: 3 articles every 2 weeks (Register and Read Program, archived journals). Also, early journals (prior to 1923 in US, 1870 elsewhere) free, no registry necessary.
Free and SubscriptionJSTOR[84]
JurnMultidisciplinaryJurn is a free-to-use online search tool for finding and downloading free full-text scholarly works. In 2014 Jurn expanded beyond open access journals in the arts and humanities, to also index open journals in ecology, science, biomedical, business and economics. Jurn is actively curated and maintained.FreeJurn[85]
Lesson PlanetEducation (K-12)Over 400,000 teacher-reviewed classroom resources including lesson plans, worksheets, educational videos, and education articles.Free Abstract; Subscription full-textLesson Planet[86]
LexisNexisLaw (general)Electronic database for legal and public-records related informationSubscriptionReed Elsevier[87]
LingbuzzLinguisticsA free archive of linguistics articles, with a focus on syntax, semantics, phonology and morphology.FreeCenter for Advanced Study in Theoretical Linguistics, University of Tromsø[88]
MathSciNetMathematicsAvailable in print as Mathematical ReviewsSubscriptionAmerican Mathematical Society[89]
MedlinePlusMedicineFreeProduced by the United States National Library of Medicine, the United States National Institutes of Health, and the United States Department of Health and Human Services[90]
MendeleyMultidisciplinaryThe Mendeley research catalog is a crowdsourced database of research documents. Researchers have uploaded nearly 100M documents into the catalog with additional contributions coming directly from subject repositories like Pubmed Central and or web crawls.FreeMendeley[91]
Merck IndexChemistry, Biology, PharmacologyAlso available in print.SubscriptionFormerly produced by Merck & Co.,[92] now available from the Royal Society of Chemistry[93]
Meteorological and Geoastrophysical AbstractsMeteorology, Astrophysics, GeologySubscriptionProduced by the American Meteorological Society. Available from Dialog[94] and CSA.[95]
NBER: National Bureau of Economic ResearchEconomicsFreeNational Bureau of Economic Research[96]
Microsoft AcademicMultidisciplinaryProvides many innovative ways to explore scientific papers, conferences, journals, and authors[97]FreeMicrosoft
MyScienceWorkScienceDatabase includes more than 70 million scientific publications and 12 million patents.FreeMyScienceWork
National Criminal Justice Reference Service[98]Criminology, SociologyAbstracts of scholarly journal articles, agency and NGO reports, and conference proceedingsFreeUnited States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs[99]
National Diet Library CollectionMultidisciplinaryJapanese. Catalog for the National Library of Japan.N/ANational Diet Library[100]
OpenEdition.orgHumanities, social scienceOpenEdition offers the academic community four international-scale publication and information platforms in the humanities and social sciencesFreeCléo (UMS 3287) CNRSEHESSUniversity of Avignon[102]
OpenSIGLEGrey literatureIndexes European grey literature.FreeInstitut de l'information scientifique et technique[103]
PaperityMultidisciplinaryAggregator of open access journals and papers. Contains more than 1,500,000 full-text articles and 4,200 journals covering all academic disciplines and different languages. Provides full-text article search, RSS feeds and a mobile application to access the literature.FreePaperity
Philosophy Documentation Center eCollectionApplied ethics, Philosophy, Religious studiesJournals, series, conference proceedings, and other works from several countries online.Free abstract & preview; Subscription full-textPhilosophy Documentation Center[104]
Philosophy Research IndexPhilosophyIndex of books, journals, disserations, and other documentsSubscriptionPhilosophy Documentation Center[104]
POIESIS: Philosophy Online SerialsPhilosophy, applied ethics, religious studiesJournals and series, online access for institutions with printFree abstract & preview; Subscription full-textPhilosophy Documentation Center[104]
POPLINEPopulation, Family Planning, Reproductive HealthPOPLINE® contains the world’s most comprehensive collection of population, family planning and related reproductive health and development literature. An international resource, POPLINE helps program managers, policy makers, and service providers in low- and middle-income countries and in development-supportive agencies and organizations gain access to journal articles and other scientific, technical, and programmatic publications.FreeKnowledge for Health, Center for Communication Programs, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health[106]
Project MUSEHumanities, social scienceProject MUSE is a provider of digital humanities and social science content for the scholarly community. MUSE provides full-text versions of scholarly journals and books.SubscriptionProject MUSE, Johns Hopkins University Press[107]
PsycINFOPsychologyThe largest resource devoted to peer-reviewed literature in behavioral science and mental health. It contains over 3.7 million records with bibliographic information and extensive indexing, more than 60 million cited references, and has comprehensive coverage dating back to the mid-19th century, with sporadic coverage going back as far as the 16th century.SubscriptionProduced by the APA.[108] Available from several database vendors.[109]
Psychology's Feminist VoicesPsychologyAn online, multimedia digital archive containing the profiles of 250 feminist psychologists who have shaped and continue to transform the discipline of psychology. Profiles are organized in two sections, "Women Past" and "Feminist Presence." All profiles on the Feminist Presence section contain original interview transcripts and video clips with the psychologist discussing their feminist development and academic career.FreeBased at York University, Toronto, Canada.[110]
PubChemChemistryFreeNational Center for Biotechnology Information and the U.S. National Library of Medicine[111]
PubMedBiomedicalA database primarily of references and abstracts on life sciences and biomedical topicsFreeNational Institutes of Health and the U.S. National Library of Medicine[112]
PubPsychPsychologyPubPsych is a free information retrieval system for psychological resources. It offers a comprehensive and balanced selection of resources from a growing number of international databases with a European focus, covering the needs of academic and professional psychologists.FreeLeibniz Institute for Psychology Information
Questia: Online Research LibraryMultidisciplinary (Historical)SubscriptionQuestia[113]
Readers' Guide to Periodical LiteratureJournals and MagazinesCoverage: 1983–present.SubscriptionH. W. Wilson Company[114]
Reader's Guide Retrospective: 1890–1982Journals and MagazinesSubscriptionH. W. Wilson Company[115]
RePEc: Research Papers in EconomicsEconomicsFreeVolunteer Collaboration[116]
Retina medical searchBiomedicalBiomedical resources with special focus for medical professionals.

searches among physician level standard documents eliminating patient level materials.

FreeRetina medical search[117]
Rock's BackpagesMusicPrimary documents from the history of rock and rollSubscription. Limited free access with registration.Backpages Limited[118]
Russian Science Citation IndexScientific journalsA bibliographic database of scientific publications in Russian.FreeScientific Electronic Library[119]
SafetyLitMultidisciplinaryCitations and abstracts of journal articles and reports from researchers working in the more than 35 distinct professional disciplines (architecture - zoology) relevant to preventing unintentional injuries, violence, and self-harm.FreeSafetyLit Foundation[120] in cooperation with the Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University[121] and the World Health Organization's Department of Violence and Injury Prevention[122]
SciELOJournalsSciELO is a bibliographic database and a model for cooperative electronic publishing in developing countries originally from Brazil. It contains 985 scientific journals from different countries in free and universal access, full-text format.FreeFAPESP, CNPq and BIREME
Science.govMultidisciplinaryA gateway to government science information and research results. provides a search of over 45 scientific databases and 200 million pages of science information with just one query, and is a gateway to over 2000 scientific Alliance, 18 scientific and technical organizations from 14 federal agencies that contribute to United States Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information serves as the operating agent for[123]
Science AcceleratorMultidisciplinaryA gateway to results of DOE research and development and major R&D accomplishments of interest to DOE.FreeUnited States Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information.[124]
Science Citation IndexScience (General)Part of Web of ScienceSubscriptionClarivate Analytics
ScienceOpenMultidisciplinarySearch engine for natural and physical sciences, social sciences, and humanities. Incorporates arXiv, PubMed, and SciELO. Integrated with ORCID for overlay and peer review services. All articles display Altmetric scores.FreeScienceOpen[125]
Scientific Information Database (SID)Engineering & Technology, Medical Science, Basic Science, Human SciencesIt is a free bank with multipurpose goals, containing Engineering & Technology, Medical, Basic Science, Human Sciences papers.FreeScientific Information Database[126]
SCIndeks - Serbian Citation IndexMultidisciplinaryA combination of an online multidisciplinary bibliographic database, a national citation index, an Open Access full-text journal repository and an electronic publishing platform.FreeCEON/CEES - Centre for Evaluation in Education and Science, Serbia[127]
ScopusMultidisciplinaryScopus is the world's largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed research literature. It contains over 20,500 titles from more than 5,000 international publishers. While it is a subscription product, authors can review and update their profiles via or by first searching for their profile at the free Scopus author lookup page.SubscriptionElsevier[128]
SearchTeamMultidisciplinaryStudents search together collaboratively for scholarly articles and resourcesFreeZakta[129]
Semantic ScholarComputer scienceIt is designed to quickly highlight the most important papers and identify the connections between them. It includes currently only computer science publications.FreeAllen Institute for Artificial Intelligence[130]
Social Science Citation IndexSocial sciencePart of Web of ScienceSubscriptionClarivate Analytics[131]
Socol@r: SocolarMultidisciplinaryScholarly open access resources in different languageFree abstracts; Links to full-textSocolar[132]
SPRESI DatabaseScience, Chemistrychemical structure and reaction database, product name: SPRESIweb, SPRESImobileSubscriptionAvailable from InfoChem [31]
SSRN: Social Science Research NetworkSocial scienceContains an abstracts database and an electronic paper collection, arranged by discipline.FreeSocial Science Electronic Publishing, Inc.[133]
SparrhoMultidisciplinarySparrho is a personalised platform that allows users to discover, curate and share over 60 million scientific research articles and patents from 45k+ journals and preprint servers.FreeSparrho[134]
INSPIRE-HEPPhysics, (High Energy)FreeCERN, DESY, Fermilab, SLAC and IHEP[79]
SpringerLinkMultidisciplinaryFree abstract & preview; Subscription full-textSpringer[135]
Ulrich's Periodicals DirectoryPeriodicalsSubscriptionProQuest[136]
VET-BibSocial Science, EducationEuropean vocational education and training (VET) literatureFreeEuropean Centre for the Development of Vocational Training[137]
Web of ScienceMultidisciplinaryIncludes other products, such as Social Science Citation Index, Science Citation Index, Biological Abstracts & The Zoological RecordSubscriptionClarivate Analytics[138]
WestLawLaw (General)SubscriptionThomson Reuters
WorldCatMultidisciplinaryUnified catalog of member libraries' catalogsFree & SubscriptionOCLC[139]
WorldWideScienceMultidisciplinaryWorldWideScience is a global science gateway composed of national and international scientific databases and portals. WorldWideScience accelerates scientific discovery and progress by providing one-stop searching of databases from around the world. Multilingual WorldWideScience provides real-time searching and translation of globally dispersed multilingual scientific literature.FreeThe WorldWideScience Alliance, a multilateral partnership, consists of participating member countries and provides the governance structure for WorldWideScience. United States Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information serves as the operating agent for WorldWideScience.[140]
Zasshi Kiji Sakuin: Japanese Periodicals IndexJournalsJapanese.N/ANational Diet Library's Online Catalog,[141]MagazinePlus,[142]CiNii[143]
Zentralblatt MATHMathematicsFirst three records free without subscription.SubscriptionSpringer Science+Business Media[144]
The Zoological RecordZoologyUnofficial register of scientific names & papers in Zoology. Coverage 1864–present.SubscriptionClarivate Analytics[145]

See also[edit]

Main categories: Scholarly databases and Scholarly search services

See also: the categories Full text scholarly online databases and Bibliographic databases and indexes.


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