The opportunities of modern work are both limitless and limiting. We’re all encouraged to pursue a kaleidoscope of careers, but the choice is often overwhelming. The question of what makes work fulfilling is difficult to answer, and varies person by person. As a mission-driven company, we’re often thinking about the impact of our work, so it’s no surprise that many of us have spent time asking ourselves: what do we value in our work?
One way to explore what fulfilling work means to you is to look at it through the lens of 5 factors and how much each one matters to you:
- Status and respect
- Opportunity to change the world
- The pursuit of passion
- Leveraging unique talent
To figure out what type of work you’ll find fulfilling, ask yourself some key questions in each of the following sections. Going through this exercise may help you gain clarity into your own motivations and aspirations, and ultimately, point you in the direction of fulfilling work.
Finding fulfilling work requires an active pursuit, not just an acceptance of a self-imposed prophecy.
Money Money Money
Money can be a worthwhile factor when deciding what fulfilling work means to you, but it’s important to understand how and where money plays into your life. One trend that’s increasingly plaguing the modern knowledge worker is the desire to translate money into a more meaningful existence, as suggested by philosopher Roman Krznaric in his book, How to Find Fulfilling Work.
So what role does money play in your quest to find fulfilling work? To the extent that money is a means to an end, you may ask yourself the following questions:
- What amount of money do I need to live within my means?
- What are the most important things money can buy for me?
- What do I hope to save for?
The answer to whether money is directly tied to how much fulfillment you have in your work, could also lie in what you’re hoping to accomplish with that money.
Whether you work for a large team, a small team, or for yourself, you strive to do good work that will be recognized by others. This affirmation makes you want to do better. Sure, you might set your sights on climbing the corporate ladder, or becoming someone’s manager, but at the end of the day, these transitions and accomplishments are made worthwhile by the respect you get from those around you: your teammates. But how much respect is enough for you? Do you need constant affirmation? A title?
When thinking about your ideal type of work, ask yourself:
- Whose opinions matter to me?
- Whose opinion matters most to me?
- In a dream world, who would I work for? Who would I want to play on my team?
- How much of my value do I attribute to my status?
Depending on how you’ve answered these questions, you may find that your dream job is one where you have no boss, or where you don’t have a title and work with a small team.
Beyond rhetoric: finding your mantra
There are two ways of looking at meaningful work: the work you view as meaningful, and the work others have deemed meaningful. For some, meaningful work is the sort that creates a fundamental change in the way things were done before — the sort that ‘moves the needle’ in the world.
Whether it be to alleviate the pains for existing systems and form new ones, to break down barriers, solve problems that will help end wars and save lives, or make incremental changes to the foundation of a bigger picture issue. But for others, meaningful work is the sort that makes you feel good about coming into the office, interacting with teammates, and just being honest. Regardless of where you land, how you define ‘meaning’ is important in understanding whether you’ll find your work fulfilling.
When trying to define your meaningful work, ask yourself:
- What change do I want to see in the world?
- What makes something meaningful to me?
- Do I need to see an immediate result from my work, or am I happy knowing I am contributing to a long-term goal?
- What makes me feel happiest about my work? When do I feel most accomplished?
Two roads diverged in a wood
Passions can be felt on an individual and team level. You might have a passion and then find others who share your passions; the work you pursue — the sum of these passions — can become your mission. Passion is subjective: you may be passionate about video games, or statistics.
Perhaps your passion lies in helping those around you discover their strengths (emotional and physical), or encouraging more people to travel and discover new cultures. Whatever these passions are, tapping into them and understanding how they align with the work you may want to pursue is a valuable exercise.
Ask yourself these questions to help you get a better understanding of where your passions lie and how they may play into your ideal role:
- I will stay up late for ______________
- A topic that really gets my blood boiling is _____________
- I would fight for ______________
Tapping into individual talent
There is no hard and fast rule that the work you pursue is work you know you’ll be good at. But it helps if your individual talents somehow relate to your chosen line of work. If you’re able to devote your energy toward something you’re inclined to be good at, you’ll likely find yourself more fulfilled at the end of each day.
So, how do you determine what you’re good at (or may be inclined to be good at)? Ask yourself these questions:
- What type of work or activities have you always gravitated towards?
- I have a natural talent for ___________
- How would the people closest to me describe me and my greatest strengths?
Finding fulfilling work requires an active pursuit, not just an acceptance of a self-imposed prophecy.
This article was inspired by Maria Popova’s analysis of the philosopher Roman Krznaric’s book titled How to Find Fulfilling Work.
In the bookOutliers, Malcolm Gladwell provides a unique blueprint to understanding the success of such monolithic figures as the Beatles and Bill Gates.
In one section, Gladwell illustrates the life of a Jewish immigrant family who came to New York after fleeing the Nazis in Europe. Despite such difficult circumstances, they found tremendous hope and meaning in starting a garment business together:
“When Borgenicht came home at night to his children, he may have been tired, but he was his own boss. He was responsible for his own decisions and direction. His work was complex; it engaged his mind and imagination. And, the longer he and Regina stayed up at night sewing aprons, the more money they made the next day on the streets.”
To me, this truly embodies the beauty of meaningful work.
If your work is something you love, it will give clarity, drive, and happiness to all aspects of your life. If your work is meaningful, you’ll be more likely to stick with it in the long run, which means you’re more likely to be successful as a result.
Research has shown that finding meaning in one’s work increases motivation, engagement, empowerment, career development, job satisfaction, individual performance and personal fulfillment.
But not everyone is experiencing the joy of meaningful work: According to State of the American Workplace, only 30 percent of workers in the U.S. are engaged in their work—70 percent are either “not engaged” or “actively disengaged” in their work.
How can anyone create the conditions for meaningful work, no matter what their job is like?
How to create meaningful work in any position
As someone who spent countless hours building a product that pretty much nobody wantedbefore starting my own consulting business (thankfully more successful than my first product), and launching an online course business, I’ve become very familiar with what truly makes work meaningful.
I’ve found that if you want your work to be more than a job and instead a positive force in your life, you need three things:
- Autonomy: Being in control of our own choices
- Complexity: Being able to master new skills and improve
- Direct connection between effort and reward: Seeing the payoff—whether financial, spiritual, or other—of your work
Once these three distinct factors are built into your work routine, you’re much more likely to find yourself happily performing in the quasi-mythical Meaningful Work Zone.
For example, let’s look at one profession whose members are most likely to experience those conditions on a regular basis: Doctors.
A study from the online salary- and benefits-tracking company PayScale found that doctors rated their jobs as the most meaningful of all professions surveyed. With a feeling that their work makes a difference (autonomy) and often complex work, doctors also see higher pay—direct connection between effort and reward.
Even if you’re not a doctor, you can create these conditions in your own work life. Let’s take a look at each condition and some ideas to help achieve it, no matter what your work situation.
1. Autonomy: How to be your own boss at any job
Never before in the history of work has it been easier to be your own boss. Even within the corporate world, there is a movement away from conventional management tiers towards greater autonomy, which allows for more innovation.
When you’re the captain of your own ship, you are much more fully invested in the direction it’s heading. The same is true of your career trajectory.
Science has discovered that making our own decision invigorates us, while having our decisions controlled by others can drain us of energy.
If you decide to start your own business, take on new roles at work or explore the possibility of launching a side project, you’re taking your destiny fully into your own hands. With greater autonomy comes greater responsibility for your own success, and greater flexibility to do what you love most.
Ideas for more autonomy at work
- Ask for more flexibility: If your job permits, ask for a test trial of working from home one day per week for a month. Show that you can outperform on that one day you work from home, and your boss will buy in pretty quickly. If you do this well, you can gradually increase your remote working time with the results to prove you’re more effective when you have a bit more freedom of location. If you don’t ask, you’ll never know.
- Seek autonomy outside of your “job”: I personally get much of my satisfaction through freelance and personal projects that engage me in different ways than my work. In building out my own online course, I’m deeply invested in making that content as useful as possible to my audience, because I’m going to have to stand behind it 100%.
- Own and/or redefine your work: Even those in traditionally lower-status jobs can find opportunities to “own” their work by influencing and building trust with others—sometimes they’re more able to do so than people at higher ranks. If you find an area you’re passionate about at work, don’t be afraid to ask to get involved.
The next crucial aspect of meaningful work is to use your autonomy to pursue something that tests you – something that makes you grow and learn.
2. Complexity: Feeling challenged but in control
In the same section of Outliers referenced above, Gladwell asks a discerning rhetorical question:
“If I offered you a choice between being an architect for $75,000 a year and working in a tollbooth every day for the rest of your life for $100,000 a year, which would you take?”
Even for less money, being an architect likely presents challenges and complexities lacking in a career as a tollbooth worker. I would choose this any day of the week.
Inevitably in life and in work, there are obstacles to overcome. It’s what makes us grow and discover our passions.
Whether you’re developing an app, convincing a client to sign on the dotted line, or even painting a landscape, many of the things we find challenging also give us immense joy. There is nothing like the satisfaction that comes from achieving something difficult. Life would be immensely boring if we didn’t fail, if we were never rejected, or if we knew the outcome of everything before we even started.
In order for your work to be meaningful, it needs to challenge you, even keep you up late at night sometimes (but not all the time).
Of course, you don’t want it to be all pain and frustration. Work would become unbearable if nothing was achieved. Yet so much of the joy of success is not just from finally reaching the summit, but from being able to look back down the mountain and see how far you’ve come.
Ideas for more complexity at work
- Incorporate your passions and challenge yourself: If you’re doing something you’re truly passionate about, it doesn’t feel much like work—you enjoy it. Not everything I do as part of my job is something that I’m passionate about, but one thing I really do love is writing. I’m lucky. From the very beginning at CreativeLive, I’ve made sure to dedicate time for myself each week, to work on writing projects that also benefit my goals as a marketer. The point is, find something that you can love within your job, and seek to improve at it.
- Be the best at what you do: I’m very competitive, and I look at goal setting as a challenge—a chance to set the bar high for myself. Whether this means closing the most sales in your department or ushering through the most cars at your toll booth, motivate yourself to achieve at a high level and you’ll experience the benefits. I’ve found that when I have to stretch in order to achieve a goal, I enjoy the work much more than if I were to be arbitrarily floating around without an exact target. Set ambitious goals and map your process to achieving them.
3. Direct connection between effort and reward
We all need some sort of tangible reward for our efforts—the positive feeling and satisfaction, or compensation that comes from creating a valuable product or service.
When you pour countless hours into your work and know that as a result of your efforts, you will be able to afford a comfortable home, achieve the respect of your peers, or find a path to your desired lifestyle, you have an even greater incentive to keep working.
In some cases (when you know you’ve found the right work for yourself), work is inherently rewarding. You need look no further than Vincent van Gogh, who only sold one painting during his entire lifetime and died penniless. If he didn’t experience a great feeling of reward from creating his works of art, he would have quit painting early on. (He probably could’ve used another sale or two, though.)
Luckily, you don’t have to be van Gogh—you can find both meaning and financial stability in your work.
Ideas for more direct connection between effort and reward at work
- Track your efforts: In my job, I naturally need to track the performance of everything I try in marketing our classes at CreativeLive. I use a combination of spreadsheets, performance dashboards (like Tableau), and Google Docs to track my marketing campaigns. This helps me see the daily, weekly, and monthly return on everything I’m doing—thus incentivizing me to work smarter with the limited time I have.
- Work for yourself: There’s no better way to see the exact, tangible effects of working hard, staying up late, or working weekends than seeing more dollars into your bank account.
- Seek feedback: Learn how you can make more meaningful contributions to your team—or what you’re already doing that others really appreciate—by proactively seeking feedback from those you work closely with.
How do you pursue meaningful work?
Whatever kind of work you do—whether you’re self-employed, working for someone else, or something in between—what you do can be a big part of your life.
If these three factors are present, it’s my belief that you have a much better chance of making your work meaningful.
And if you can find meaning in your work, you’re well on your way to being the best possible version of yourself.
Is your work meaningful to you? How do you make it meaningful? How can more companies and leaders learn how to create meaningful workplaces? I’m interested in hearing your thoughts in the comments!