infectious diseases Essay
672 Words3 Pages
Illness and death from infectious diseases are particularly tragic because they are preventable and treatable. Not surprisingly, the poorest and most vulnerable are the most severely affected by infectious disease. Infectious diseases are a major cause of death, disability and social and economic turmoil for millions around the world. Poverty stricken countries lack access to health care. Reports show that in nations with the lowest economic status the causes of death are primarily infectious and nutritional diseases. Respiratory infections like the flu, pneumonia, diphtheria, and tuberculosis and gastrointestinal illnesses like dysentery and viral diarrhea kill children and adults most commonly in these countries. Unlike the United…show more content…
In a poor country such as Ethiopia there are as many as 36,660 people per doctor. This means that for each person in the country to get seen one time a year every doctor would have to see over 100 patients a day every day of the week. Limited access to drugs makes treatable conditions like malaria, HIV, and tuberculosis fatal for the poor.
The most prominent infectious diseases in developing countries are malaria, schistosomiasis and trypanosomiasis. Malaria is the leading cause of death in tropical countries. More than one million deaths occur each year. Malaria is a vector borne parasitic infection. It is caused by a parasite that is transmitted through the bite of the Anopheles mosquito. Plasmodium is the causative organism. People infected with the parasite that causes malaria could experience weeks or months of bad health. Children and pregnant women are less likely to recover than adults who have built up immunity to the disease. Malaria has increased a lot in Africa and other tropical and poverty stricken areas. Plasmodium has become resistant to chloroquine which is the antimalarial drug. A recent report showed that nearly 25,000 childhood deaths per day are due to only seven infectious diseases. These include malaria, pneumonia, diarrhea, measles, whooping cough, tetanus, and tuberculosis. In many of these deaths, malnutrition is an influencing factor.
Communicable Diseases Essay
Running head: COMMUNICABLE DISEASE - CHLAMYDIA 1
Communicable Disease - Chlamydia
University of Phoenix
June 30, 2014
A communicable disease is an infectious disease that be transferred from an infected person to another. Communicable disease can spread very easy and quickly, they can even be simple such as a common cold or be very serious and led to death such as HIV/AIDS virus. Spreading awareness and educational information about communicable diseases is the largest way to prevent many of the communicable disease that are active today among the communities.
The Disease and Efforts to Control It
Chlamydia is a very common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by bacterium called Chlamydia Trachomatis, which is a dangerous disease that can damage a women's reproductive system and also lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or infertility ("Centers for Disease Control and Prevention", 2011). Symptoms that chlamydia have are known as a "silent" disease because they are vague and in some cases no symptoms occur. If there are symptoms they usually will occur 1 to 3 weeks after exposure to the disease. If someone becomes infected with the disease they damage they have from Chlamydia is permanent and cannot be reversed ("Centers for Disease Control and Prevention", 2011).
According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), "in 2009, 1,244,180 infections were reported to the CDC from the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The report also shows Chlamydia to be the most frequently reported STD in the United States. The ages in the report range from 14 to 39 years old." People become infected when their partner or partners are not tested or treated for the disease.
There are several different efforts used to control Chlamydia. Since the disease can be known as a "silent" disease according to the National Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011 (CDC) and the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), and other professional medical associations they recommend annual chlamydia screenings for sexually active teens and other adolescence that might be at risk for the infection especially for individuals that are over the age of 25 who have multiple sex partners and do not use any form of protection. People who are sexually activity should have a full exam to show results if they do have any STD regardless of age or how many partners they have. Pregnant women should go for screenings because there is a higher risk that their unborn child will become infected with chlamydia at birth if they are infected with the disease ("Center for Disease Control and...
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