Short Essay About Deforestation

The destruction of forests is known as deforestation. By felling trees forest cover is destroyed. When trees are cut on a large scale to clear a large area of forest cover many trees are lost. This man-made activity has deleterious effects on the environment and ecology. Deforestation has led to many ecologically damaging outcomes affecting the flora and fauna of the area, and disturbing the food chain and the hydrological cycle. The disturbances created to the ecosystem due to deforestation are both short term and long term consequences.

Deforestation causes many wildlife species that live in the trees and the forest to lose their home. There is also a disturbance to the amount of rainfall in the area. Herbivorous wildlife that depends on trees for their food loses their source of food. Humans also lose their food source and livelihoods that are dependent on the forest. Global warming and climate change are also the fallout of deforestation.

You will find here below a number of short paragraphs on the topic Deforestation of varying word lengths. We hope these short and long paragraphs on Deforestation will help students in completing their school assignments. These will also help children write and read out paragraphs in simple words and with small sentences. Students can select any paragraph on Deforestation according to their particular requirement.

Paragraphs on Deforestation

Deforestation Paragraph 1 (100 WORDS)

Deforestation is the term used for the clearing of forests. When trees are cut in a small or large scale thus clearing forest cover, it results in many damaging effects on the ecosystem and disturbs the ecological balance. When trees are cut and forests are cleared the hydrological balance in the ecosystem is also disturbed.

Many life forms live in trees. When trees are felled these life forms lose their homes. Man and all herbivorous animals and birds depend on trees for their food and sustenance. Therefore cutting of trees causes the life forms to lose their source of food.


 

Deforestation Paragraph 2 (150 WORDS)

When trees and vegetation in a forest are cleared out it is known as deforestation. The land that is thus obtained by clearing the forest is then used for various purposes such as creating residential or industrial areas or for the practice of agriculture or for laying roads or railway tracks. There has been large scale deforestation in India over the past couple of centuries.

Deforestation leads to serious ecological consequences. Wildlife species that live on trees lose their homes. They search for other habitats where they can live or they perish. Trees are also a source of food for man and many herbivorous wildlife species of the forests. By cutting down trees this source of food is destroyed. Forest products are also a source of livelihood for people who live near forests. When forests are cleared out these communities suffer. Deforestation also disturbs the hydrological cycle and climatic patterns.

Deforestation Paragraph 3 (200 WORDS)

The clearing of forest cover is known as deforestation. It involves the felling of trees and clearing of vegetation of a forest. This creates land that is used for other purposes such as building homes or factories, pursuing cultivation, or laying roads and railway lines.

Deforestation is the result of man’s insatiable greed. His desire for more and more goods and services, derived from limited non-renewable resources, leads to an unhealthy and unsustainable environment. So while the goals of modern development of a consumerist society are met, the deforestation disturbs the ecosystem.

Forests serve to create equilibrium in the ecosystem. Forests are home to many life forms such as birds, animals and insects. Herbivorous animals that live in forests are also dependent on the trees and vegetation for food. Man is also dependent on many forest products for his food. When trees are cut down, man and other herbivorous creatures lose their food supply. Forests also play a role in maintaining the hydrological cycle in the ecosystem. Forests also help in keeping climatic patterns.

Instead of safeguarding our forests if man recklessly cuts down trees the ecosystem is disturbed, and the life of man and all life forms is endangered.


 

Deforestation Paragraph 4 (250 WORDS)

Forests are a rich resource of our planet, Earth. Pristine forests provide benefits to the ecosystem that a re-created forest cannot create. Therefore it is important to protect our forests. Deforestation refers to loss of forest cover due to clearing of trees and vegetation in the forest. Deforestation leads to ecological and environmental disturbance and imbalance.

Forests are habitats that play host to many wildlife species. A wide variety of animals, birds, reptiles and insects inhabit forests. The wildlife species that live in forests depend on the forests for their food, and complete their life cycle in the forest. When trees are cut, all the inhabitant creatures suffer.

Man too depends on forest products for his food. Communities that live near forests depend on the forests for their livelihood. These communities have been living near the forests over several generations, and are keen protectors of the forests. They adopt traditional environment-friendly practices. Deforestation therefore affects local communities.

Forests are important in maintaining the hydrological cycle in an ecosystem. When forests are left undisturbed the rainfall patterns are normal. The water table is also high enough to be available for man’s use for his various requirements to maintain his life and livelihood.

All life forms need water. Not only do marine species need water bodies, all terrestrial creatures too depend on water for their life. Loss of forest cover leads to disturbances in the hydrological cycle and climate patterns too.

Deforestation therefore leads to long term ecological disequilibrium and environmental hazards.

Deforestation Paragraph 5 (300 WORDS)

Forests have a great floral diversity. There are large trees, creepers and climbers, grasses, bushes, shrubs and plants that grow in forests. Forests are also habitats to many wildlife species. A large variety of animals, birds, reptiles and insects live in forests.

In the forest you can hear the roaring of the lion, the trumpeting of the elephant, the chattering of monkeys and the sweet calls and songs of birds. You can see many colourful birds, many beautiful butterflies flitting around and many small insects and reptiles in the forest. For all these wildlife species the forest is their home.

These wild creatures live, feed, mate and raise families in the forest. There are large carnivorous animals like tigers, lions and leopards. There are other carnivorous mammals like hyenas, foxes and jackals, and birds like vultures, hawks and eagles that feed on carcasses in forests. Then, there are herbivorous creatures like the deer and elephant that depend on the trees and vegetation for their food. The herbivores also become food for the carnivores. The food chain is in balance with the carnivores and herbivores living in the forest. When forests are disturbed and wildlife killed by man, there is disequilibrium in the food chain that causes ecological disturbances.

Forests offer sustenance to many life forms including man. Man depends on forests for food and livelihood. Forests also maintain the hydrological cycle. Rainfall patterns are normal when forests are left undisturbed. Trees also help in holding the top soil which is fertile. When trees are cut off, the top soil gets washed away in rains and floods. This leads not only to silting of water bodies but also loss of soil fertility.

Deforestation is a hazard for ecosystems and the environment. Forests are a great natural wealth and should be protected.


 

Deforestation Paragraph 6 (350 WORDS)

When trees and vegetation in a forest are cleared out it is known as deforestation. The land thus obtained is then used for creating residential or industrial areas or for the practice of agriculture or for laying roads or railway tracks. In this process many developmental goals, as we understand development, are satisfied. But the ecosystem and the environment are damaged irreversibly due to the deforestation.

The trees and vegetation in a forest take long to grow. While it may take many years for trees to grow and for a forest to develop, it can be destroyed in a very short time due to the technology in man’s command and his uncontrolled greed and desire. Trees and forests play a very important role in our ecosystems. Forests have a great floral diversity that includes trees, creepers, climbers, grasses, bushes, shrubs and herbs.

A number of wildlife species such as mammals, birds, reptiles and insects live in forests. There are large animals like the elephant, rhinoceros and tiger, and smaller ones like the fox, jackal and antelope that live in forests. There are also a variety of birds that can be found in forests which may be endemic or native, or migratory ones that have flown in from distant lands. For instance, birds fly into India to save themselves the bitter Siberian winter. There are many varieties of snakes, butterflies and worms that also live in forests. All these wildlife species depend on the forests for their food.

When forests are cleared these species lose their homes and food. Thus we lose the wildlife diversity by cutting down forest trees. It is by deforestation that we have lost wildlife like the cheetah, and the lives of several wild species are endangered and threatened. We have to save our forests and the biodiversity that it supports by putting a stop to deforestation.

Forests provide food and livelihood for man too. Forests also maintain the hydrological cycle and climatic patterns on Earth. Global warming is also a fall out of deforestation. If we want to save our planet we must protect our forests.


 

Deforestation Paragraph 7 (400 WORDS)

Forests are a rich resource of our planet, the Earth. Forests have a great floral diversity. There are trees, creepers, climbers, grasses, bushes, shrubs and herbs that make up the vegetation in forests. Deforestation refers to the felling of trees and clearing of vegetation of a forest.

Forests are important habitats for a large number of wildlife species. A wide variety of animals, birds, reptiles and insects inhabit forests. In the forests you can hear the roaring of the lion, the trumpeting of the elephant, the chattering of monkeys, and the sweet calls and songs of birds. You can see colourful birds, beautiful butterflies flitting around and small insects and reptiles. For all these wildlife species the forest is their home.

The food chain is in balance with the carnivores and herbivores living in the forest. While there are large carnivorous mammals like tigers, lions and leopards, there are other smaller carnivores like hyenas, foxes and jackals that live in the forests. There are also the scavenger birds like the vulture, hawk and eagle that feed on carcasses in forests. Herbivores like the deer and elephant that depend on the trees and vegetation for their food also live in forests. The herbivores also become food for the carnivores. When forests are disturbed and wildlife killed by man, there is disequilibrium in the food chain that causes ecological disturbances.

Man too depends on forests for his food and livelihood. When forests are cleared, man’s food supply, and the livelihoods of communities that live in the vicinity of forests are adversely affected.

Forests are important in maintaining the hydrological cycle on the planet. Rainfall patterns are normal when forests are left undisturbed. Global warming and climate change are also due to deforestation.

Despite forests being vital to the health of ecosystems, man has been clearing forests. This creates land that is used for other purposes such as building of homes or factories, practicing cultivation, or laying of roads and railway lines.

Deforestation is the result of man’s insatiable greed for more and more goods and services, derived from limited non-renewable resources. It leads to an unhealthy and unsustainable environment. So while the goals of modern development of a consumerist society are met, the deforestation disturbs the ecosystem.

Forests are a great natural wealth, and if we wish to treasure it we need to protect it by putting an end to deforestation.

——– Written by N. KALYANI

 

Related Information:

Essay on Deforestation

Speech on Deforestation

Deforestation: Compromises of a Growing World

With the world growing at a pace hard to match, the increasing need for space is turning out to be an area of concern. With desperate need for land for agricultural, industrial and most importantly urban needs to contain cities and their growing population, a direct action that we have come to recognize as “Deforestation” occurs. Deforestation in simple term means the felling and clearing of forest cover or tree plantations in order to accommodate agricultural, industrial or urban use. It involves permanent end of forest cover to make that land available for residential, commercial or industrial purpose.

Over the last century the forest cover around the globe has been greatly compromised, leaving the green cover down to an all time low of about 30 per cent.  According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), an estimated 18 million acres (7.3 million hectares) of forest are lost each year.

Deforestation can also be seen as removal of forests leading to several imbalances ecologically and environmentally. What makes deforestation alarming is the immediate and long term effects it is bound to inflict if continued at the current pace. Some predictions state that the rainforests of the world will be destroyed completely if deforestation continues at its current pace.

Read here more about 51 facts about deforestation.

Deforestation or clearance occurs due to several reasons, to get an overview we could include the need of money, both in terms of profitability as well as providing for one’s family in most scenarios, along with lack of or no forest laws, need for land space for housing etc among a long list of other uses. Mainly blamed on agricultural or pastoral use, farmers fell trees for increasing space for cultivation and/or as fodder land for grazing and surviving live stock. The whole concept of ‘slash and burn’ agriculture, is used to indicate this same process where farmers employ the above chain of actions for their purposes.

Causes of Deforestation

1. Agricultural Activities: As earlier mentioned in the overview, agricultural activities are one of the major factors affecting deforestation. Due to overgrowing demand for food products, huge amount of tress are fell down to grow crops and for cattle gazing.

2. Logging: Apart from this, wood based industries like paper, match-sticks, furniture etc also need a substantial amount of wood supply. Wood is used as fuel both directly and indirectly, therefore trees are chopped for supplies. Firewood and charcoal are examples of wood being used as fuel. Some of these industries thrive on illegal wood cutting and felling of trees.

3. Urbanization: Further on order to gain access to these forests, the construction of roads are undertaken; here again trees are chopped to create roads. Overpopulation too directly affects forest covers, as with the expansion of cities more land is needed to establish housing and settlements. Therefore forest land is reclaimed.

4. Desertification of land: Some of the other factors that lead to deforestation are also part natural and part anthropogenic like Desertification of land. It occurs due to land abuse making it unfit for growth of trees. Many industries in petrochemicals release their waste into rivers which results in soil erosion and make it unfit to grow plants and trees.

5. Mining: Oil and coal mining require considerable amount of forest land. Apart from this, roads and highways have to be built to make way for trucks and other equipment. The waste that comes out from mining pollutes the environment and affects the nearby species.

6. Forest Fires: Another example would be forest blazes; Hundreds of trees are lost each year due to forest fires in various portions of the world. This happens due to extreme warm summers and milder winters. Fires, whether causes by man or nature results in huge loss of forest cover.

Effects of Deforestation

1. Climate Imbalance: Deforestation also affects the climate in more than one ways. Trees release water vapor in the air, which is compromised on with the lack of trees. Trees also provide the required shade that keeps the soil moist. This leads to the imbalance in the atmospheric temperature further making conditions for the ecology difficult. Flora and fauna across the world are accustomed to their habitat. This haphazard clearance of forests have forced several of these animals to shift from their native environment. Due to this several species are finding it difficult to survive or adapt to new habitats.

2. Increase in Global Warming: Trees play a major role in controlling global warming. The trees utilize the green house gases, restoring the balance in the atmosphere. With constant deforestation the ratio of green house gases in the atmosphere has increased, adding to our global warming woes.

3. Soil Erosion: Also due to the shade of trees the soil remains moist. With the clearance of tree cover, the soil is directly exposed to the sun, making it dry.

4. Floods: When it rains, trees absorb and store large amount of water with the help of their roots. When they are cut down, the flow of water is disrupted and leads to floods in some areas and droughts in other.

5. Wildlife Extinction: Due to massive felling down of trees, various species of animals are lost. They lose their habitat and forced to move to new location. Some of them are even pushed to extinction. Our world has lost so many species of plants and animals in last couple of decades.

Solutions to Deforestation

1. The best solution to deforestation is to curb the felling of trees, by employing a series of rules and laws to govern it. Deforestation in the current scenario may have reduced however it would be too early to assume. The money-churner that forest resources can be, is tempting enough for deforestation to continue.

2. Clear cutting of forests must be banned. This will curb total depletion of the forest cover. It is a practical solution and is very feasible.

3. Land skinned of its tree cover for urban settlements should be urged to plant trees in the vicinity and replace the cut trees. Also the cutting must  be replaced by  planting young trees to replace the older ones that were cut. Trees are being planted under several initiatives every year, but they still don’t match the numbers of the ones we’ve already lost.

References:

HowStuffWorks

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Rinkesh is passionate about clean and green energy. He is running this site since 2009 and writes on various environmental and renewable energy related topics. He lives a green lifestyle and is often looking for ways to improve the environment around him.

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