Incorporating DECA role-plays and case studies in the classroom adds relevance
Many advisors ask the question, “How do I integrate role-plays and case studies into my curriculum?” These teaching tools provide relevant, meaningful problems for students to solve, provide a standards-based evaluation, increase rigor of the curriculum, result in evidence of student learning and expose students to DECA – all as part of the classroom instruction. Here are a few steps.
Step 1: Familiarize yourself with event guidelines and performance indicators.
Use the DECA Guide to familiarize yourself with event guidelines that explain how each competitive event will operate – time limits, exam specifications, interactions with a judge, etc.
Role-plays and case studies are developed using performance indicators – key concepts from national curriculum standards that students should learn during the school year. DECA uses only five lists of performance indicators which are organized by career cluster – business administration core, business management, finance, hospitality and marketing.
For example, advisors teaching accounting courses can use the Finance Career Cluster performance indicator list to plan their curriculum while advisors teaching marketing courses can use the Marketing Career Cluster performance indicator list. Each performance indicator list is arranged by instructional areas to assist advisors with planning units of instruction.
Step 2: Understand how role-plays and case studies are designed.
Role-plays used for DECA’s Individual Series Events measure five performance indicators. Usually, at least three of the five performance indicators have been selected from the event situation’s instructional area. Therefore, if the event situation is asking the participant to develop a promotion plan, most of the performance indicators will be from the promotion instructional area.
Case studies used for DECA’s Team Decision Making Events measure seven performance indicators. Usually, at least four of the seven performance indicators have been selected from the case study’s instructional area.
It is very easy to identify the career cluster and primary instructional area for role-plays and case studies by looking at the top of the first page of the event.
Step 3: Start collecting sample events.
Each year, DECA posts sample role-plays and case studies on its Web site. DECA Images also sells past events each year. Gather these samples and begin to categorize them by instructional area.
Step 4: Use sample events as a classroom activity.
As you teach different instructional areas during the year, use corresponding role-plays and case studies as teaching tools. While the traditional competitive event setting requires interaction with judges, many advisors have used role-plays and case studies as:
- warm-up activities at the beginning of classes
- writing exercises that require students to write their ideas for solving the problem presented in the role-play or case study
- public speaking exercises that require students to deliver an oral report which presents their ideas for solving the problem presented in the role-play or case study
- assessment tools in lieu of a multiple-choice quiz/test
Since the evaluation form for each role-play and case study assesses the performance indicators, you are measuring students’ performance according to national curriculum standards which are industry validated and aligned to career clusters.
Event guidelines, performance indicator lists, sample events and sample exam questions are available at http://www.deca.org/competitions/highschool/.
Sample role-play presentations can be viewed at http://www.deca.org/competitions/5/.
DECA Images sells many items to assist teachers with integrating DECA into curriculum. Visit http://decaimages.stores.yahoo.net/ to shop for resources.
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