How Does the Relationship Between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth Change Throughout the PlayGet Your
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How does the relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth change throughout the play? In this essay I am going to talk about the dramatic and rapid changes of the relationship between husband and wife, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. In the beginning of the play the couple share a loving and strong bond; however this contrast to the end of the play as the relationship which once was a strong is weakened as the couple no longer have importance in each other’s life.
At the beginning of the play Macbeth displays his love and passion for his wife Lady Macbeth as he writes her a love letter; in the letter he shares his achievements with Lady Macbeth, the couple are united. Macbeth displays his affection for Lady Macbeth in his letter. “My Dearest partner of greatness” (Act 1 scene 5, line 10) Macbeth greets Lady Macbeth by addressing her greatly, this shows Macbeth thinks highly and is very admiring of his wife. ‘He shows that he is proud of the relationship he shares with Lady Macbeth.
Macbeth also indicates his strong desire of becoming royalty which he and his wife share, by addressing Lady Macbeth royally. Macbeth shows his dedication and affection for Lady Macbeth as he writes the letter to her containing his emotions and praise for his wife he shows that he is committed. In the letter Macbeth shares his experiences with his wife as he informs her about his encounter with the witches as they predict that he will become Thane of Cawdor and also that he will become king.
He discusses this with Lady Macbeth as he believes the witch’s predictions to be true. Referred me to the coming on of time, with “Hail, king that shalt be” (Act 1 scene 5, line 9) Macbeth is excited and shares his brooding of becoming king with Lady Macbeth; he shows excitement and determination to fulfil their dream of ruling the kingdom, with the help and strength of his wife. “Thou wouldst be great, Art not without ambition, but without the illness should it attend. ” (Act 1 scene 5, line 17) Macbeth shares with his wife, not only the ambition of becoming rulers but the deeds that the couple will have to commit and fulfil.
This shows trust, its shows that Macbeth is able to discuss intense and deep thoughts with his wife, and he knows that she will commit and support him. After reading the letter Lady Macbeth is focused and in preparation for the arrival of her husband. She is informed that the king will be arriving and will spend the night in her presences and home. Lady Macbeth then becomes fixated with thoughts about becoming queen she shows determination for her and Macbeth’s dreams to be carried out.
In this scene we begin to see Lady Macbeth’s fierce and determined personality, she is ready to carry out any method to ensure that her and Macbeth become rulers. “Unsex me here and fill me from the crown to the toe topfull of direst cruelty” (Act 1 scene 5, line 40) Lady Macbeth is preparing as she asks for all her qualities of womanhood to be stripped away as she wants to become stronger to fulfil any duty. She shows her power and strong will through this statement.
As Macbeth Arrives home from battle Lady Macbeth displays her love for him as she greats him. Great Glamis, worthy Cawdor” (Act 1 scene 5, line 53) Not only does she greet him highly she also shows desire and interest in his status, which displays there strong bond. “My Dearest love” (Act 1 Scene 5, line 58) Macbeth also shows his thought and love towards Macbeth as he dotes upon her. Lady Macbeth’s ambition emerges forward in Scene 7 as she has power influences Macbeth. Macbeth tries to talk himself out of killing King Duncan as he lists all the reasons why he should not kill him. “We will proceed no further in this business. ” (Act 1 Scene 7, line 32)
Macbeth is trying to stand up to his over powering wife as he tries to hold back and stop himself from carrying on discussing the murder. He respects Duncan and feels a sense of be trail in his thoughts. “He hath honour’d me of late, and I have bought golden opinions from all sorts of people” (Act 1 Scene 7, line 33) Macbeth realises that he is highly respected by others and by murdering Duncan he would be betraying not only Duncan but all the others who value Macbeth. “Which thou esteem’st the ornament of life, and live a coward in thine own esteem” (Act 1 Scene 7, line 43-44)
Lady Macbeth becomes the Dominant spouse as she pressurizes Macbeth into the murder; she calls him a coward and questions his manhood. “I dare do all that may become a man; who dares do is none” (Act 1 Scene 7, line 45-46) This statement proves that Macbeth is beginning to react towards his wife’s burden as she questions his man hood; he wants to prove that he is the man that she expects him to be. As the conversation of the murder deepens Macbeth becomes more entranced in his manly hood has he weakens towards Lady Macbeth and is defeated by her supremacy.
I am settled and bend up” (Act 1 Scene 7, Line 79) Macbeth has accepted that he has been convinced by his empowering wife into the murder of King Duncan. In Scene 2 it is the night of the Murder, the couple are jittery and uneasy Macbeth has murdered Duncan and is instantly regretting his actions. “Hark” (Act 2 Scene 2, Line2) Lady Macbeth is unnerved by a shrieking owl, this shows that she is tense and anxious about the arrival of Macbeth from Duncan’s chamber, she shows concern and worry for his safety, this highlights there strong relationship.
As Macbeth Arrives he is still holding the bloody daggers with which he had also murdered the guards with, he is straying away from the plan which he and Lady Macbeth set, as they planned to plant the daggers onto the sleeping guards to frame them for the murder. Macbeth is still nervous and his reactions are weak and edgy. “Infirm of purpose! Give me the daggers. ” (Act 2 scene, 2 Line 57)
Lady Macbeth is angry with Macbeth as he disobeyed the plan and she has to conceal the murder herself. Although Lady Macbeth is enraged she still offers Macbeth support and guidance. Consider it not so deeply” (Act 2 scene 2, lines 33) She instructs Macbeth to put on his night gown and act calmly and normally to make sure the murder is hidden. “Get on your night-gown, lest occasion call us” (Act 2 Scene 2, line 73) As the death of the king is established by all the others, the pair act as if nothing has happened in front of everyone they seem shocked and distressed at the kings death, this shows the couple as still working in a team to protect themselves from any blame.
“Here lay Duncan, his silver skin lac’d with his golden blood” Act 2 Scene 3, line 107-108) Macbeth begins to talk about Duncan’s death in great depth, Lady Macbeth over hears and discloses the conversation by fainting. “Help me hence, ho” (Act 2 Scene 3, line 114) Lady Macbeth protects her husband to keep him from trouble this shows that she is still guarding him from any blame for Duncan’s murder. Banquo begins to become suspicious of Macbeth killing Duncan, Macbeth arranges two murders to have him killed, Macbeth doesn’t contact his wife about any of the plans of Banquo’s murder.
Macbeth seems to be emerging into a blood thirsty character as he no longer dwells on the death of Duncan. He seems to be more entranced in killing anyone who he portraits to have suspicion of his murderous actions. He is no longer consulting Lady Macbeth for help and guidance. “How now my lord why do you keep alone” (Act 3 Scene 2, line 8) Unaware of Macbeth killing Banquo, Lady Macbeth thinks that her husband is feeling guilty after the murder of King Duncan as she is oblivious to the murder her husband is becoming.
O, full of scorpions is my mind” (Act 3 Scene 2, line 36) The murders are plaguing Macbeths mind, his only thoughts are murderous ones. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth host a grand Banquet, in front of their guest the couple act as the gracious host and hostess. “Sit down; at first and last, the hearty welcome” (Act 3 scene 4, line1-2) During the Banquet one of the murders enters the hall Macbeth moves aside to discuss Banqou’s killing, this is drawn to the attention of Lady Macbeth who acts quickly to protect her husband from suspicion.
My Dear lord, you do not give the cheer; the feast is sold” (Act 3 Scene 4, line 33-34) As Macbeth sits he is plagued by the ghost of Banqou, it is only Macbeth who can see the goal. He reacts hysterically and embarrassed Lady Macbeth, a concerning wife, she takes control of the situation and tries to calm her husband. “This is the very painting of your fear” (Act 3 scene 4, line 61) Lady Macbeth thinks Macbeth is tormented by the murder of Duncan she is unaware of what is really unnerving Macbeth, she is no longer able to understand how he is feeling.
The ghost appears again to Macbeth, as a supporting and determined wife Lady Macbeth assures all the guests and covers for her husband, she is irritated with the way he has behaved and doesn’t understand his out bursts. “A good kind night to all” (Act 3 scene 4, line 123) The weakness of the relationship becomes very clear in Act 5 as Lady Macbeth begins to sleep walk plagued of the murder she is unable to rest. She is not seen in the play in 5 early scenes before this act, which shows the strain Macbeths murders have taken on which once was a tough successful relationship.
Will these hands ne’er be cleaned? No more o’that my lord” (Act 5 Scene1, line 39) Lady Macbeth spends all her time washing her hands; her mind is fixated on the murder of Duncan she is overrun with guilt. The couple do no communicate anymore and this has a huge impact on Lady Macbeth’s health. Her husband no longer cares for her well fare, he has no time for her, and he is too busy plotting murders. “Cure her of that” (Act 5 Scene 3, line 41) When Macbeth’s attention is drawn to Lady Macbeth’s illness, he dismisses her.
Lady Macbeth has now become a person of little importance, when once she was the most important person in his life. He leaves her as he goes of to fight in the battle. As the Battle is at its height Lady Macbeth passes away, Macbeth doesn’t react with emotion or passion he hides from the death of his wife, He has little thought or care for her. “She should have died hereafter” (Act 5 Scene 5) Macbeth doesn’t seem to be moved by the news he seem as if he has been expect her death for a while, although he does feel slight regret and lose as he wishes she would’ve been alive for longer so they would have more time together.
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In conclusion, the relationship that Macbeth and Lady Macbeth once shared was a hard-wearing relationship, which was held together by their passion for becoming king a queen. The couple sacrificed many things for their love of power, friendships, dignity and most importantly their love for each other. Their obsession and desire for royal status not only ended their relationship, but left there conscience ridden with guilt.
Author: Cari Minns
How Does the Relationship Between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth Change Throughout the Play
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The Relationship Between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth Essay
3134 Words13 Pages
The Relationship Between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth
Macbeth and Lady Macbeth face an extraordinary situation involving a strong supernatural theme and murder and treason of the highest kind. However Shakespeare still cleverly manages to make Lady Macbeth and Macbeth relate to audiences of all eras and to convey a strong moral message within his play.
The relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth is fascinating to study. Shakespeare constantly changes their attitude to each other throughout the play, making it hard to form a clear-cut opinion of their relationship. My personal opinion is that, although events in the play certainly draw Macbeth and Lady Macbeth apart, their love for one…show more content…
By letting his wife announce that they must kill Duncan, Macbeth is able to offload some of the guilt of the deed onto her - he uses Lady Macbeth as a scapegoat for his already guilty conscience. Upon sending the letter Macbeth immediately goes to see his wife. In my opinion he does this so that Lady Macbeth is ready to begin to override Macbeth's good characteristics immediately. When Macbeth loses Lady Macbeth's support later on in the play he is forced to act independently of her, and so loses the ability to murder. I feel that his actions throughout the play are an indication of Macbeth's dependency on his wife, as well as his misuse of their love in order to claim the title of King. He refers to Lady Macbeth as: '[his] dearest partner of greatness' showing that Macbeth envisages them sharing the power of the throne.
In his soliloquy Macbeth admits that he has 'no spur To prick the sides of [his] intent' which indicates that Macbeth knows that he will require Lady Macbeth to be his 'spur', and coax him into murdering Duncan. He also knows that by allowing Lady Macbeth to take up such a domineering role she will take the murder out of his hands, thus freeing him from a great deal of guilt.
Upon receiving the letter, Lady Macbeth immediately responds to Macbeth's wishes, realising that